Gout is an inflammatory health complication that leads to discomfort and pain. Usually, the pain occurs in various parts of the body including the ankles, knees, and the toes. While there is no known cure of gout, there are several suitable medications and home remedies that can work. More so, gout usually occurs when the body accumulates a significant amount of uric acid. The acid is a waste product of the purine break down process in the body. There are various methods through which can address the issue of gout in the body. Various health studies have shown that dietary issues account for an average of 13% of gout cases. Usually, the negative diet associated with gout include the consumption of seafood, excessive alcohol, fructose beverages and more.
There are various symptoms associated with the condition of gout. Usually, the tell-tale sign of gout is excruciating pain and swelling that occurs around the big toe. The trauma often occurs as a result of various factors including illness, injury, or trauma. The pain typically increased during the night when the temperatures decrease. Gout may also come about in multiple sections in the body including the ankle, knee, and the joint. Other gout attacks may occur in various body parts such as the knee and feet, before becoming a chronic complication. The joint pain typically increases during the night, particularly due to decreased body temperature. Other symptoms associated with the gout might include increased fever and fatigue.
While gout might only affect a single joint at a time, left untreated, the condition can compromise various other body parts. The joint pain that used to stop after a week might lead to continuous pain. Eventually, gout might lead to multiple forms of health complications. For instance, gout might lead to an issue such as “Tophi.” This refers to painless collections of crystals that might accumulate at the joints and the skin area. Moreover, the crystals that form around the knees can also lead to the formation of kidney stones. The health complication also relates to various other secondary issues. These issues include high blood pressure, cardiovascular complications, diabetes, and kidney complications.
In most cases, gout appears to occur suddenly, usually in the form of a swollen body part or in the lower sections of the body. Broadly speaking, gout is the culmination of a process that occurs for a significant duration in the body. The primary cause of gout usually differs from the factors that lead to the gout attack. The accumulation of excess uric acid in the body is the leading cause of gout in the body. Otherwise referred to as hyperuricemia, this health issue affects millions of people worldwide.
Uric acid is a substance that usually forms when the body metabolizes purines, which occur in body cells and various types of foods. The uric acid is found in the blood, and are transported to the kidney to be filtered as waste. However, some people tend to have an unusual production of uric acid in the body. Such an unusual production of uric acid in the body leads to a toxic build up. People who experience such an amount of build are more likely to develop the condition of gout. Various other factors such as diets with high purine content, obesity, and consumption of alcohol can also contribute towards gout.
What To Wear When Suffering From Gout?
One of the first things you’ll notice when developing gout, is that due to the swelling you will not be able to fit into your shoes as well as you used to. So it is now of the essence that you find something to wear that will leave some breathing room. You’ll need either open footwear, such as flip flops, or non binding footwear, such as slippers. With already swollen feet, you cannot afford to be lax on comfort, as this will only make your situation worse for you. Another option for you would be to wear nursing clogs, which are known for being non binding and having lots of space for your poor gouty feet to have some rest. They’re already dealing with enough problems as it is!
Diagnosis and Medical Treatment
To diagnose gout, the medical health practitioner will take various key factors into perspective. For instance, the practitioner will ask about:
- The symptoms associated with the condition – determining the nature of the signs of the health complication helps in choosing proper treatment
- The medications you are taking for managing gout – consuming appropriate drugs can go a long way in the treatment process
- The diet of the patient – consuming suitable food helps to improve the functionality of the joints and ankles
- The prevalence and rate of gout – the nature and occurrence of the health condition is also crucial in the treatment process
The medical practitioner will have to rule out any potential cause of the pain in the joints. These might include reasons such as injury, infection, and various types of arthritis. The doctor will perform a blood test to evaluate the amount of uric acid inside the blood. High levels of uric acid in the blood don’t necessarily indicate the condition of gout. Furthermore, the doctor might have to perform an X-ray, MRI, or CT scan to evaluate the quality of the body tissue. The doctor might also have to obtain fluid from the affected area and observe it under a microscope. The goal of observation is to identify the presence of crystals in the fluids of the joint.
The suitable treatment approach for gout requires a dynamic approach that might include both lifestyle changes and the use of medications. The necessary steps in addressing a gout attack include:
- Consume anti-inflammatory and painkilling medication – the anti-inflammatory medicines helps to reduce any pain and swelling that occurs around the affected area.
- Perform the RICE process on the affected area – the rest, ice, compression and elevation process is crucial for addressing inner body injuries
- Consume plenty of water – taking a lot of water helps the body to regulate the levels of uric acid flowing around the blood
- Make an appointment with a medical health provider – reserving an appointment is imperative if you want to reduce the recovery process and enhance your medical outcomes
- Ask for assistance in handling daily tasks – asking for assistance helps to reduce the stress and pain on the affected area
Regardless of the sudden nature and excruciating pain associated with gout attacks, the pain usually peaks and stops within seven days. In most cases, the first few hours often present the worst symptoms of pain. However, being able to adjust to the pain is an essential step in the recovery process. There are several suitable medications for gout. They include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – otherwise referred to as the NSAIDs, these medications play a significant role in reducing the effects of swelling.
- Corticosteroids – these can be administered through injections or by mouth. Usually, the medication starts to show valuable benefits 24 hours after the first attack.
- Colchicine – this medication is acquired from a plant that has been used for thousands of years in the treatment of gout. The medicine helps to relieve pain and to mitigate the effects of gout attacks.
- Reducing Uric Acid – consuming medications that help to control the Uric acid in the body is an excellent way of controlling gout attacks. Your medical practitioner will administer the drugs in relations to the nature of your attacks. Taking these medications requires a delicate balance to achieve the best results. Typically, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed along with the medicine to help in controlling the pain.
Best Diet Solutions for Gout
The primary dietary approach for controlling gout is to consume a diet that is low in purine. While avoiding purines entirely is not possible, it is easier to manage the condition. Suffers of gout can learn by experimenting and in relation to their limits. The process can start by removing foods that are filled with purine. Furthermore, it can also involve the regulation of food intake to ensure that the body and immune system function at optimal levels. Various medical studies have shown that consuming specific diets can increase the likelihood of suffering from gout attacks. For instance, foods that contain high levels of purine that are later converted to purine can lead to gout. Among some of the common foods to avoid include:
- Steak and beer – consuming steak and beer in large quantities can increase the likelihood of getting gout
- Red meat and organ meat such as the liver- these are foods that are highly saturated with fat which is not suitable for body health
- Seafood’s such as sardines, tuna, haddock, lobster and more – some of these types of fish contain high levels of purine, which will be converted into uric acid
- Beverages that are high in fructose – fructose is a chemical product that affects the productions of purines in the body
- Foods that are processed or have refined carbohydrates – consuming refined food products increases the levels of uric acid in the blood
ND: Quite contrary to popular opinion, fasting is not a useful technique for regulating the effects of gout. Fasting can affect the supply of nutrients to the joint area.
Dietary management of gout tends to be a delicate process that requires informed decision making. Aside from diets, medication also makes up for an excellent way of addressing the health issues associated with gout. The medicines help to treat inflammation and various other symptoms that might arise during the gout attack. Excessive levels of uric acid in the blood can also be regulated through the right medical approach.
The purine compounds that are produced in the body can increase the uric levels in the body. High levels of uric acid in the body can compromise the functionality of the joints and tissue, thereby leading to pain. The dietary management process focuses on controlling the amount of acid in the system and controlling the issues that accompany the condition of gout. Among some of these conditions that might accompany gout include obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and more.
Top Foods for Controlling Gout
Consuming foods that help to regulate the blood levels of the byproduct uric acid is vital in the treatment of gout. Usually, that is due to the high levels of the uric acid that occur in the blood and lead to the development of crystals. As such, the individual might experience severe pain and inflammation. The typical gout diet has a focus on the types of foods one has to avoid, particularly the nitrogen and purine filled foods. Aside from consuming a balanced diet to promote the functionality of your health system, consider these top foods:
A diet that is packed with green and leafy produce is vital for your overall health. Even though foods that are rich in purine such as mushrooms are not recommended – a 2012 study shows there is a weak correlation between these factors. The beneficial compounds in these foods help to mitigate the side effects of the purines in the vegetables.
Several studies have shown that cherries are perfect for regulating gout. For instance, a study by the European League against Rheumatism found that consumers of cherries had a 50% reduction in gout. Furthermore, a 2012 study showed that people who consumed cherries or its extracts experienced a relatively smaller number of attacks. The cherries are beneficial in controlling the levels of uric acid and mitigating the effects of inflammation.
Research has shown that consuming more water reduces the effects of gout flares. For instance, people who consumer mineral water reduce the risk of recurrent gout attacks. The minerals manganese, calcium, and phosphorus all play a vital role in regulating the issue of gout. However, you should only consume a reasonable amount of water to suit your health needs.
Dairy products are packed with several valuable nutrients that may enhance the elimination of uric acid in the body. In particular, consuming low-fat milk helps to decrease the levels of uric acid in the blood.
Two studies have shown that consuming coffee helps to reduce the chances of suffering from gout in both men and women. Recent studies have shown that drinking two to three cups of coffee every day can help in addressing the health complication.
Gout is perhaps one of the most common lifestyle-related health complications today. Typically, gout occurs as a result of consuming foods that are high in uric acid. As such, the first step in preventing the problem is to avoid diets with high levels of purine. Moreover, using the correct prevention methods can help to reduce the likelihood of suffering from gout. While there are no well know treatment methods, there are suitable methods for managing the problem.